Tuesday, April 20, 2010

Dorothy Height, 'Queen' of Civil Rights Movement, Dies

I enjoy this picture the most because its depicates Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, Coretta Scott King and herself, 3 of the most important people during the Civil Rights Movement!
Here is she is in 2 pictures: the 1st one as a young lady and the 2nd one as a old lady!

Here is Dorothy Height with First Lady Michelle Obama!

Dorothy Height, ‘Queen’ of Civil Rights Movement, Dies

Ms. Height, you will always be remembered in my heart due to you are considered to be the "Queen" and one of the most influential women in the civil rights movement, thank you for your bravery during those rough years, and used your own bravery and struggle to see the day when an African American can become the nation's 44th president! May the Almighty God welcome you into the eternal kingdom of heaven, may you rest in peace!

(April 20) — Dorothy Height, one of the
most influential women in the civil rights
movement, died today at age 98. Her name
does not often appear in the history books,
but Height spent a lifetime on the front
lines of the fight for racial equality and
women’s rights.
“At every major effort for social progressive
change, Dorothy Height has been
there,” Rep. John Lewis, D-Ga., said in
Height was best known as the former
president of the National Council of Negro
Women, an organization that has agitated
for equal rights since 1935. But she was at
the center of some of the most pivotal moments
in civil rights history — and indeed,
American history — in the past century.
David Kohl, AP
Dorothy Height, here in 2008, was a
longtime president of the National Council
of Negro Women and the leading female
voice of the 1960s civil rights movement.
She died Tuesday at age 98.
Height was the only woman on stage
when Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his
“I Have a Dream” speech in 1963. She
wanted to speak, but women were not allowed
that day. “He spoke longer than he
was supposed to speak,” Height later said
of King.
In 2003, she told NPR that the women in
the civil rights movement met the day after
the speech to strategize about how to
achieve equality within the movement.
“All of it was toward saying how can we
bring all the people who need to understand
the role that women have played, but
also the predicament women face, and especially
we who are women of color, where
we’ve had both sex and racial discrimination
as a characteristic of our lives,” Height
She stood beside president John F.
Kennedy as he signed the Equal Pay Act
mandating equal wages for women in the
workplace. And she was on stage when the
first black president was sworn in. “I never
thought I would live to see this,” she told
The New York Times last year.
Height was more than a witness to history,
She was a civil rights activist from the beginning.
She protested the lynchings that
were sweeping the country during her
youth in the 1920s. She helped integrate
the YWCA in 1947. She appealed to Eleanor
Roosevelt and President Dwight D. Eisenhower
to integrate the armed forces.
Despite her low profile, Height was
among the senior members of the civil
rights leadership, and she outlasted them,
as well. In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr.
sent Height to Montgomery, Ala., to help
console the families of the four girls who
were murdered in the 16th Street Baptist
Church bombing, according to The Washington
She also worked on programs that addressed
poverty, drug abuse and poor nutrition
in black communities during her 40-
year tenure as president of the National
Council for Negro Women. In 1994, President
Bill Clinton awarded Height the Presidential
Medal of Freedom.
Civil rights activist C. DeLores Tucker
once said Height was an icon for women
and blacks alike.
“I call Rosa Parks the mother of the civil
rights movement,” Tucker told The Associated
Press in 1997. “Dorothy Height is the
Height was born in Richmond, Va., in
1912. She never married and had no children.
She was not a civil rights celebrity,
but she worked tirelessly for the movement.
“So long as God let’s me live, I will be on
the firing line,” she once said.

Dorothy Irene Height (March 24, 1912 – April 20, 2010) was an African American administrator, educator, and social activist. She was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1994, and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2004.

Early life
Height was born in Richmond, Virginia. At an early age, she moved with her family to Rankin, Pennsylvania. Height was admitted to Barnard College in 1929, but upon arrival, she was denied entrance because the school had an unwritten policy of admitting only two black students.She pursued studies instead at New York University, earning a degree in 1932, and a master's degree in educational psychology the following year.

Height started working as a caseworker with the New York City Welfare Department and, at the age of twenty-five, she began a career as a civil rights activist when she joined the National Council of Negro Women. She fought for equal rights for both African Americans and women, and in 1944 she joined the national staff of the YWCA. She also served as National President of Delta Sigma Theta, Sorority Incorporated from 1946-1957. She remained active with Delta Sigma Theta Sorority thoughtout her life. While there she developed leadership training programs and interracial and ecumenical education programs.

Dorothy Height
In 1957, Height was named president of the National Council of Negro Women, a position she held until 1997. During the height of the civil rights movement of the 1960s, Height organized "Wednesdays in Mississippi", which brought together black and white women from the North and South to create a dialogue of understanding.

American leaders regularly took her counsel, including First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt, and Height also encouraged President Dwight D. Eisenhower to desegregate schools and President Lyndon B. Johnson to appoint African American women to positions in government. In the mid 1960s, Height wrote a column entitled "A Woman's Word" for the weekly African-American newspaper, the New York Amsterdam News. Her first column appeared in the March 20th, 1965 issue.

Height served on a number of committees, including as a consultant on African affairs to the Secretary of State, the President's Committee on the Employment of the Handicapped, and the President's Committee on the Status of Women. In 1974, Height was named to the National Council for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, which published The Belmont Report, a response to the infamous "Tuskegee Syphillis Study" and an international ethical touchstone for researchers to this day.

Later life
In 2004, Height was recognized by Barnard for her achievements as an honorary alumna during its commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education decision.

The musical stageplay 'If This Hat Could Talk', based on her memoirs Open Wide The Freedom Gates, debuted in the middle of 2005. It showcases her unique perspective on the civil rights movement and details many of the behind-the-scenes figures/mentors who shaped her life, including Mary McLeod Bethune and Eleanor Roosevelt.
Height was the chairperson of the Executive Committee of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights, the largest civil rights organization in the USA. She was an honored guest and seated among the dignitaries at the inauguration of President Barack Obama on January 20, 2009.

She attended the National Black Family Reunion, celebrated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., every year until her death in 2010. On March 25, 2010 Height was admitted to Howard University Hospital in Washington DC for unspecified reasons. Her spokeswoman issued a statement stating that at that time she was in a "very serious, but stable" condition but that they were remaining optimistic about her recovery. On April 20, 2010, Height died at the age of 98.

Awards and honors
Presidential Citizens Medal (1989)
Spingarn Medal from the NAACP (1993)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Freedom From Want Award (1993)
inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame (1993)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1994)

7th Annual Heinz Award Chairman's Medal (2001)
listed on Molefi Kete Asante's list of 100 Greatest African Americans (2002)
Congressional Gold Medal by President George W. Bush on behalf of the United States Congress (Approved, 2003) (Awarded, 2004

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